13% of people over the age of 75 are burdened with heart valve diseases
A thorough understanding of the various valvular disorders is important to aid in the management of patients with valvular heart diseases (VHD). Echocardiography is a useful technique that allows for the diagnosis and assessment of the severity of various forms of valvular heart disease. It is the main imaging modality to evaluate mitral valve abnormalities and to assess the severity and the haemodynamic consequences.
Appropriate work-up for patients with VHD includes a thorough history for evaluation of causes and symptoms, accurate assessment of the severity of the valvular abnormality by examination, appropriate diagnostic testing, and accurate quantification of the severity of valve dysfunction and therapeutic interventions, if necessary. A fundamental knowledge of valve disease is important for the primary care physician because the initial presentation of such patients often occurs in the primary care setting.
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