Globally, COPD is the third leading cause of death
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a long-term lung disease and includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Characterized by increasing breathlessness, it continues to be a threat and a challenge because of its high prevalence, mortality and morbidity.
Tobacco smoking is the foremost important risk factor for COPD; however it can also be found in non-smokers. It is estimated that in 2020, of 68 million deaths worldwide, 4.7 million will be because of COPD. In the world ranking COPD is the third leading cause of death globally. Currently the strategies to decrease the burden of COPD include; cessation of smoking, minimizing acute exacerbation and prevention and management of comorbidities.
One of the main challenges of COPD is under-diagnosis. This occurs as a result of lack of awareness in the population with respect to symptoms and warning signs, low awareness among doctors and lastly because of low use of spirometry. To improve this issue initiatives to improve awareness on all aspects should be carried out in the form of training programs.
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